HTML iframes

HTML iframes Tutorials

1. HTML iframes

HTML Iframe is used to display a nested webpage (a webpage within a webpage). The HTML <iframe> tag defines an inline frame, hence it is also called as an Inline frame.

An HTML iframe embeds another document within the current HTML document in the rectangular region.

The webpage content and iframe contents can interact with each other using JavaScript.

2. Iframe Syntax

An HTML iframe is defined with the <iframe> tag:

 
  1. <iframe src="URL"></iframe>  

Here, "src" attribute specifies the web address (URL) of the inline frame page.

3. Set Width and Height of iframe

You can set the width and height of iframe by using "width" and "height" attributes. By default, the attributes values are specified in pixels but you can also set them in percent. i.e. 50%, 60% etc.

4. Example: (Pixels)

  1. <!DOCTYPE html>    
  2. <html>    
  3. <body>    
  4. <h2>HTML Iframes example</h2>    
  5. <p>Use the height and width attributes to specify the size of the iframe:</p>    
  6. <iframe src="https://www.samtpoint.com/" height="300" width="400"></iframe>    
  7. </body>    
  8. </html>  

5. Output:

6. Example: (Percentage)

  1. <!DOCTYPE html>    
  2. <html>    
  3. <body>    
  4. <h2>HTML Iframes</h2>    
  5. <p>You can use the height and width attributes to specify the size of the iframe:</p>    
  6. <iframe src="https://www.samtpoint.com/" height="50%" width="70%"></iframe>    
  7. </body>    
  8. </html>    

7. Remove the border of iframe

By default, an iframe contains a border around it. You can remove the border by using <style> attribute and CSS border property.

8. Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>    
<html>    
<body>    
<h2>
Remove the Iframe Border</h2>    
<p>
This iframe example doesn't have any border</p>     
<iframe
src="https://www.samtpoint.com/" style="border:none;"></iframe>    
</body>    
</html>  

9. Example 2:

<!DOCTYPE html>    
<html>    
<body>    
<h2>
Custom Iframe Border</h2>    
<iframe
src="https://www.samtpoint.com/" style="border:2px solid tomato;"></iframe>    
</body>    
</html>

10. Iframe Target for a link

You can set a target frame for a link by using iframe. Your specified target attribute of the link must refer to the name attribute of the iframe.

11. Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>  
<html>  
<body>  
 
<h2>
Iframe - Target for a Link</h2>  
<iframe
height="300px" width="100%" src="new.html" name="iframe_a"></iframe>  
<p><a
href="https://www.samtpoint.com" target="iframe_a">SamTpoint.com</a></p>  
<p>
The name of iframe and link target must have same value else link will not open as a frame. </p>  
 
</body>  
</html>

12. new.hmtl output code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <style>

    p{ font-size: 50px;
         color: red;}
</style>
</head>
<body
style="background-color: #c7f15e;">
  <p>
This is a link  below the ifarme click on link to open new iframe. </p>
</body>
</html>

13. Embed YouTube video using iframe

You can also add a YouTube video on your webpage using the <iframe> tag. The attached video will be played at your webpage and you can also set height, width, autoplay, and many more properties for the video.

Following are some steps to add YouTube video on your webpage:

  • Goto YouTube video which you want to embed.
  • Click on SHARE ➦ under the video.
  • Click on Embed <> option.
  • Copy HTML code.
  • Paste the code in your HTML file
  • Change height, width, and other properties (as per requirement).

14. Example:

<iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/Xsl_7GPlVFo" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe>    
<iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/tiI_sQAnybU" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe>

 

15. Output:

16. Attributes of <iframe>

Attribute name Value Description
allowfullscreen   If true then that frame can be opened in full screen.
height Pixels It defines the height of the embedded iframe, and the default height is 150 px.
name text It gives the name to the iframe. The name attribute is important if you want to create a link in one frame.
frameborder 1 or 0 It defines whether iframe should have a border or not. (Not supported in HTML5).
Width Pixels It defines the width of embedded frame, and default width is 300 px.
src URL The src attribute is used to give the path name or file name which content to be loaded into iframe.
sandbox
  This attribute is used to apply extra restrictions for the content of the frame
allow-forms It allows submission of the form if this keyword is not used then form submission is blocked.
allow-popups It will enable popups, and if not applied then no popup will open.
allow-scripts It will enable the script to run.
allow-same-origin If this keyword is used then the embedded resource will be treated as downloaded from the same source.
srcdoc   The srcdoc attribute is used to show the HTML content in the inline iframe. It overrides the src attribute (if a browser supports).
scrolling
  It indicates that browser should provide a scroll bar for the iframe or not. (Not supported in HTML5)
auto Scrollbar only shows if the content of iframe is larger than its dimensions.
yes Always shows scroll bar for the iframe.
no Never shows scrollbar for the iframe.